UMUC's Art of China collection includes scroll paintings, ceramics, and sculpture dating from the 16th to 20th centuries. Most of the pieces to date were donated to the university by Mr. and Mrs. I-Ling Chow of Potomac, Maryland, and Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Li of Rockville, Maryland.
Sun Mao Hua
"Warm Breezes Over Verdant Hills." Signed and dated 1668. This scroll was formerly in the collection of Hongli, the Qianlong emperor (reigned 1736-1796), who impressed imperial seals on it as a sign of his ownership. In 1771, the emperor wrote at the end of the scroll an inscription relating Wang Shimin to three of the most famous painters of the period. Together, they are known as the Four Wangs. These masters found their inspiration in the art of the ancient painters of previous dynasties (in particular, the Song and the Yuan) and incorporated into their work the older interpretations of nature-brush styles, for example, or specific rock and mountain forms. This kind of painting can be thought of as "art-historical art" for its references to the past. Chinese, Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Handscroll; ink and color on paper. Gift of the Li family.
"Wisteria and Katydid." Ceramic painted in famille rose style, n.d. Square, four-character mark in red on gold, marked Qianlong nianzhi ("Produced in the reign of the Emperor Qianlong"). Jingdezhen ware, Kiangsi province. Qianlong mark and period (1736-1795), Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Over-the-glaze enamels on high-fired porcelain. Gift of the Chow family.
"Chrysanthemums, Rock, and Finches Vying for Berries." Ceramic painted in a famille rose style; dated mid-autumn 1750 with 15-character inscription and seal. Large, square, two-character mark in red seal script, marked Tao ju ("Bureau of Ceramics"). Jingdezhen ware, Kiangsi province. Qianlong era (1736-1795). Chinese, Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Over-the-glaze enamels on high-fired porcelain. Gift of the Chow family.
"Flowers of the Season: Peonies, Magnolias, and Cherry Blossoms." Signed with the artist's signature and two seals; c. 1750. Chinese, Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Hanging scroll mounted as a panel; ink and color on paper. Gift of the Li family.
"Mountains and Willows in Spring" (poem). Ink on silk, c. 1490-1526, during the Ming Dynasty, 52"x 25 1/2". Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Li.
"A Quartet of Crabs." Signed with the artist's signature and one seal; painted c. 1950. People's Republic of China (1949–present). Hanging scroll mounted as a panel; ink on paper. Gift of the Chow family.
"Ink Plum After Evening Rain." Inscribed with a poetic quatrain of 28 characters in cursive script. Signed with the artist's literary name and two seals; dated 1764. Chinese, Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Hanging scroll mounted as a panel; ink on paper. Gift of the Li family.