Cite Right: APA Style for Articles

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Quentin:

Well in this class we are supposed to use APA style.

Mike:

OK, great, let’s talk about how to properly cite sources in APA style. 

Let’s look at some examples of different types of materials you might use in your research and how they should be cited.

Journal article with DOI


Mike:

A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique identifying number for an article. Some articles in library databases have a DOI such as this example:

Here are the elements you need to cite this journal article properly: author(s), publication date, title of the article, title of the journal, volume and issue number, and page numbers. The DOI comes last. Each element needs to be reformatted and rearranged in order to comply with APA style guidelines. Take a look at the correct format:

Cartwright, S., Tytherleigh, M., & Robertson, S. (2007). Are mergers always stressful? Some evidence from the higher education sector. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16(4), 456-478. doi:10.1080/13594320701606391

Journal article without DOI


Mike:

This is an example of an article that does not have a DOI.

When an article does not have a DOI, you need to look at the article you are citing and identify the journal in which the article was published. Then you will search the Web to find the homepage of the journal. When using Google and other search engines, it helps to put the journal title inside quotation marks so that the search engine will look for that exact phrase. Locate the homepage of the journal and go to the homepage. At the journal homepage, copy the URL and then paste it into your citation. At the end of your APA citation, you will write “Retrieved from” and then you will give the journal’s homepage URL.