How to Avoid Plagiarism

Reference Source Material

Citations direct readers to the paper's bibliography or reference list, which is an alphabetical listing on a separate page at the end of the paper of all the resources used in the paper.

Beyond the author's last name, the publication date, and the page number (also referenced in your parenthetical in-text citation), this listing provides the initials of the author's first and middle names, the title of the text, and the place of publication. APA references should be double-spaced. Each reference should begin flush with the left margin, and following lines should be indented five spaces.

The page of references is titled differently depending on the documentary style used. In APA style, bibliographical information is collected under the heading References. In MLA style, the heading is entitled Works Cited. In Chicago (or Turabian) style, it is called Bibliography.

Here's an example of an APA-style reference:


Shonagon, S. (1967). The pillow book. (I. Morris, Trans.).
     Oxford, England: Oxford UP.

Example References


 MLA Style

Works Cited

Shonagon, Sei. The Pillow Book. Trans. by Ivan Morris.
     Oxford, England: Oxford UP. 1967.


Chicago Style


Shonagon, Sei. The Pillow Book. Translated by Ivan Morris.
     Oxford, England: Oxford UP, 1967.

tipTo see another example, view the References for this module.

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